中学3年生の英語②・・・Unit 2

Unit 1   Sports for Everyone

現在完了(present perfect)   過去に経験したことが現在に生きていることを表す

主語 + have 動詞 + 過去分詞(past particle)    意味 ①経験 ②継続 ③完了 ④結果

Scene1

① 経験 ~したことがある ever  never  once  twice  ~ times   many times   before.

基本文
I have seen a wheelchair tennis once.
Josh has seen a wheelchair tennis many times.
Asami  has never seen a wheelchair tennis wheelchair tennis before.

例文)
I have played tennis a few times.
John  has watched baseball  in the stadium twice.
Kite has never been to Foreign countries before. ( go → been )
Diana has made cakes and cookies for us many times.
You have bought a tennis racket for me once.
Her father has once sent messages to his family from America  .
I have tried a scuba diving four times.

Words and phrases
What does this word mean?  It means “~を意味する”.
What kinds of dish do they want to have in Japan?  They want to have sushi and tempura.
Which sports applies to the athletes? Wheelchair rugby applies to them.
What kind of music are you interested in? We‘re interested in classical music.
What kind of music is interesting to you? Classical music is ( interesting to us).
Choose( Select ) one from the list below( above )?

Scene 2

現在完了(疑問文) Have( Has ) + 主語 + 過去分詞  ・・・?

経験~したことがありますか ever  never  once  twice  ~ times   many times   before

Grammar( 基本文 )
Have you ever seen the Paralympic Games?
Yes, I have. I have seen them a few times.
No, I haven’t. I have never seen them before. ( No, never. )

Have you ever heard of the Paralympic Games?
Yes, I have. I have heard of them many times.
No, I haven’t. I have never heard of them before. ( No, never. )

Have you ever been to Kyoto?
Yes, I have. I have been there twice.
No, I haven’t. I have never been there before. ( No, never. )

例文)
Have you ever climbed Mt. Zao?
Yes, I have. I have climbed before.
No, I haven’t. I have never climbed it before. ( No, never. )

Has Mary ever tried curry bread?
Yes, she has. She has tried it before.
No, I she hasn’t. She  has never tried it before. ( No, never. )

How many times( How often) has your mother visited foreign countries?
She has visited them four times.
She has never visited them before.

Words and phrases (語句)
We played lots of baseball games in the Stadium last year.
Let’s check it out on the internet.
I’m a big fan of the Yomiuri Giants.
They are one of the most strongest basketball teams in the US.
You should practice harder if you want to be a better player.

Unit 1 Read and Think ①
who does Asami introduce in her speech?

Grammar  目的語説明型
~は                 する        ~を(~に)  ~に(~と)
主語                    +            動詞       +    目的語  + 目的補語
Playing wheelchair tennis       makes              everyone          happy.

例) Diana calls me Peter.
My grandfather named me Shunya when I was born.
My mother made me a doctor.
Practicing hard  makes us stronger.
Big games makes our team excited.
Winning the championship tournament made us so happy.
We should keep our house clean.
Smiling keeps us positive.
The boy always keeps old people comfortable

Words and Phrases ( 語句)

Some people want to live in a  city just like Kyoto.
The audience have kept waiting the star.
I want to join the meeting, but I can’t.
The news amazed the students. → The students were amazed at the news.
This photos always reminds me my grandfather.
Keep your room warm, and you won’t catch cold.
Don’t be late for the game, or you won’t be able to enter the stadium.

Read and Think ②
What is supporting athletes around the world?
Grammar (文法)

授与型(二重目的語を取る動詞)    A(直接目的語)に、B(間接目的語)してくれる(あげる)
主語       +      動詞   +  A(直接目的語) + B(間接目的語)
This news             gave                 us                 a big surprise.
主語       +      動詞   +  A(直接目的語) + that 節
This statistics      shows             people    that Japanese animated movies are the most popular in the world.

例)
AI tell us that they can support people in lots of ways.
This map teaches us that there are many wonderful temples and shrines in Kyoto.
The picture shows them that Van Gogh was much influenced by Ukiyo-e from Japan.

中学校2年生の復習  他動型  主語 + 動詞(動詞句) + that節
例)
Researchers believe that fruits give us energy quickly.
Animals know that there are dangerous places for them in the forests.
The sign says that the road leads us to Tokyo.
We hope that our team will win the match tomorrow.
I‘m happy that my brother  will come back from New York.
They are sure that  we’ll have a huge earthquake in the future.
I ‘m sorry that she will leave Sendai next month.

Words & Phrases(語句)
This museum was established by the well-known designer.
The country have decided to be friends with each country in South-east Asia.
They are not satisfied with their lives in the US.
More and more foods made in Japan are going to sell around the world.