以下の問題は2018年度に実施された 大阪府の第8問 読解の問題です。
大阪 2018 8 読解
Read the passage and choose the answer which best completes each sentence(1)～(4)
Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun in our solar system, and Uranus is very cold and windy. Uranus has rings and satellites.
Uranus was discovered by an astronomer in 1781. But, the astronomer did not think that it was a planet at the time. Two years later, it was accepted as a new planet. However, the existence of rings around Uranus was not clear at the time. How did it become clear?
A In 1977, some scientists were observing Uranus when it was passing in front of a distant star. The main body of Uranus blocked the from the star when it passed in front of the star. Before that, the light that reached the earth from the star became weaker several times.
B They discovered nine rings around Uranus from that research. In 1986, NASA’s planetary probe got close to Uranus, and it observed the rings of Uranus directly for the first time. This planetary probe discovered two new rings. C And, in 2005, NASA announced the discovery of two more new rings. D More facts about Uranus may be discovered in the future.
(注) planet 惑星 solar system 太陽系 ring (天体の) 環 satellite 衛星
astronomer 天文学者 existence 存在 observe 観測する distant 遠く離れた
star 恒星 main body 本体 block 遮る NASA アメリカ航空宇宙局
planetary probe 惑星探査機 directly 直接に announce 公表する discovery 発見
(1)In 1781, an astronomer found Uranus,
ア. but he did not think it was a planet then.
イ. found Uranus, and he also found that it has some rings.
ウ. found that Uranus was a planet with rings and satellites.
エ. found that Uranus was the seventh planet from the sun when he discovered it.
(2)The sentence “The scientists did research on the information they got from those changes of the light from the star.” Should be put in
ア. A イ. B ウ. C エ. D
(3)The word ① it refers to
ア. a distant star
イ. a ring of Uranus
ウ. the main body of Uranus
エ. the weaker light from the star
(4)According to the passage
ア. the existence of the rings and satellites of Uranus became clear in 1783.
イ. the scientists discovered eleven rings of Uranus when they observed Uranus in 1977.
ウ. the light from Uranus were became weaker several times when some scientists observed it.
エ. the rings of Uranus were observed directly when NASA’s planetary probe got close to it.
解答 (1) ア (2) イ (3) ウ (4) エ